THIS PAGE IS RETAINED FOR ARCHIVE PURPOSES ONLY
The design is not currently maintained.
ROX-2 2m ARDF Receiver for Radio Orienteering.
The ROX-2 operates as a conventional ARDF receiver for detecting weak signals, peaking the signal for strongest audio or lowest noise. When the signal is strong enough to fully quieten the noise, this detection mode cannot be used.
ROX-2 does not rely on front-end attenuation to knock down the signal instead the linear and wide dynamic range of the RSSI output from the SA605D, drives a sensitive audio-s-meter (squeaker), which is used to detect signal change.
A 'range control' simply reduces the RSSI voltage to the squeaker to pull down the tone to a comfortable lower pitch. Although the control will also reduce the sensitivity of the squeaker, signal change detection is excellent for all positions of the range control.
A simple front-end attenuator switch is provided to prevent saturating the ROX-2 when very close to an ARDF transmitter (less than 30m). The switch open circuits the antenna feed, to provide additional attenuation and thus a good indicator of the closness of the transmitter. This will allow you to direction find, right up to the ARDF transmitter antenna.
When the RX is housed in a RFI coated ABS box and directly mounted behind the
driven elements of a 3 element tape beam, the all-in weight is an unbeatable, lightweight
Key improvements from ROX-1
The IF now operates at 10.7Mhz, using a narrow band Murata filter
obtainable from RSWWW and Digi-Key. When using an IF of 455 KHz with
the new configuration, the internal VFO of the SA605 was
prone to pulling in the presence of very strong signals.
- Smaller PCB size, allows more enclosure options e.g. fits 60x112x31 box.
- Balance or unbalanced front end, space for 7mm TOKO can or Amidon T37-12.
- Space for 10mm VFO coil.(e.g. TOKO MC120 or similar)
- Output socket - chassis mounted, for greater robustness.
- 4046 squeaker. Much wider tone range, greatly enhances
- Lower component count.
- Standby current - down to 14mA.
- TDA7050 stereo amplifier, matches standard 32ohm stereo headphones,
allows for separate audio and squeaker channels.
No such problems are evident with the 10.7MHz IF. The use of 10.7MHz filters with
a wider bandwidth has allowed the tuning range to be increased
to 2Mhz and tuning is less critical.
NOTES (SA605D/615D version)
In most cases the ROX-2 will happily operate with a 5v regulator rather than the 6v shown, but
occasionally I get a ROX-2 build which shows lower gain, in which case the higher 6v supply
It is worthwhile trying a 5v regulator first because
a 6v regulator will significantly shorten the useable life for non-rechargeable batteries.
Rechargeable batteries are not effected, so are recommended.
The SA636DK has been successfully used as an alternative to the SA605D, several advantages over the later.
- It works at voltages down to 3v, so helps to make the RX more tolerant of low battery voltage.
- The IC is optimised for 10.7Mhz IF filters.
- An op-amp is included in the RSSI output. This allows the audio squeaker to be active with just background noise and therefore responsive to very weak signals.
Please also note, because the ROX -2 is directly coupled to the antenna the integrated 3-element tape beam is a slightly modified version of the standard version, presented elsewhere on this web site. The hairpin matching loop is not required if the driven element is cut to the longer span of 990 mm.
FM / FOXHUNT USE ?
The Rox-2 is not specifically designed for FM, but regardless, is used by the author and others on local club (FM) foxhunts with good resuts! It gives weak demodulation of FM, but is usually adequate to determine that the correct signal is being received. A panel socket can be wired the 'free pole' of the attenuator switch, to allow a more sensitive HT to be temporarily attached for long distance. Thanks to Ken, M0AET for that tip.
Despite being a simple device, the ROX-2 has been proven to be competative in International competitions.
Thankfully Radio-0 does not make heavy demands on receiver performance so it is open to real success with super-simple, lightweight and cheap home-brew equipment, remember ...
- TXs are rarely more than 3Km distant.
- There is always one TX active at any one time.
- The morse ID is very distinctive, (especially on 2m !) and tone modulated.
- TX timing is very accurate and hence predictive.
... so ... get building !
- Ultimate front-end performance is not required.
- Only modest attention to selecting components for a VFO based on the SA602/605/636 series ICs is required to ensure adequate stability, (just use NPO and COG capacitor types.)
- It's very easy to detect and tune in the unique MOx beacon signals a with a free running VFO.
- 20/8/04 Input filter to the 4046 revised. Lower values of R13 (100k) and C22 (22n) improve squeaker response when receiving keyed carrier transmisions,
- 14/11/04 Correction: Capacitor C15 polarity shown on top and thru' PCB layouts.
4046 Audio S-meter.